Indonesia is a country of islands. We will find an incredible 17,000 of them, of which 6,000 are inhabited. The five largest of them (Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi, Borneo and New Guinea) are also among the largest islands in the world. The landscape stretches on both sides of the equator over an area of almost 2 million square kilometers.
As Indonesia is located on the edges of three tectonic plates, there are many volcanoes on its territory and frequent earthquakes occur here. About 150 volcanoes are still active. Due to its location on the equator, Indonesia has a tropical climate with periods of drought and monsoons. The humidity is high and is around 80%. During the year, temperatures are mostly between 26 and 30 °C.
Indonesian nature has an immense biodiversity, the second highest in the world after the Amazon. Flora and fauna are a mixture of Asian and Australian species. Indonesia is home to many species of large animals such as tigers, rhinos, orangutans, elephants and leopards and more. A huge number of species are endemic, i.e. occurring exclusively in Indonesia.
Indonesia has also a number of marine and coastal ecosystems, such as beaches, sand dunes, coral reefs, estuaries, mangroves, estuarine deposits and small island ecosystems. About 60% of the territory is occupied by rainforests.
In addition to the captivating and unique nature, you will also find cultural heritage in Indonesia, including ancient temples such as Borobudur and Prambanan, along with various other attractions and monuments. You will undoubtedly fall in love with Indonesia and you will be happy to return to it also because of the pleasant and nice people who complete the picture of this unique country.